* On Economic Value Added, the sample of companies with codes outperformed those without over a four year period.

* On Market Value Added, the performance gap was even more marked.

* On Price/Earning Ratio, the more demonstrable ethical companies showed far less volatility than the remainder

* On Return on Capital Employed companies with codes underperformed those without between 1997 and 1999. Between 1999 and 2001, however, the trend was reversed, and ethical companies were clearly superior performers.

The report also suggests that having a code of ethics equates to a higher than average score in Management Today’s ranking of Britain’s Most Admired Companies and in the SERM Risk Reduction Rating, and is therefore a strong proxy indicator of genuine ethical commitment and a well managed company.

Commenting on the results, IBE Director Philippa Foster Back said:
“This research takes the discussion of the importance of business ethics on to a new plane. Not only is ethical behaviour in business life the right thing to do in principle, we have shown that it pays off in financial returns. This research deserves to be studied by boards, executives, analysts and investors as an important new tool in looking for companies with long-term prospects of growth.”

The Rt Hon Patricia Hewitt, the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry said:
“The best businesses already know that ethical behaviour is fundamental to commercial success. I am pleased to welcome this report which helps to underline that it is not only the right thing to do but that it also pays off financially.”

Alastair Ross Goobey CBE, Securities Institute Ethics Lecturer 2003, said:
“The IBE should be congratulated for undertaking this research. At a time when trust in companies is at a low ebb, a thorough approach to corporate ethics is even more important to reassure investors. Now that argument has been strengthened by the demonstration that doing the right thing pays.”